A neural network with input, hidden and output layers superposed on brain picture
modified from Wikimedia Commons

This Essay will examine
•The relation between soul, mind and consciousness;
•The position of the Church on who (or what) might have a soul;
•Whether science-fiction has given The partial answers to these questions.

There are many questions to be asked in this chapter and there may not be altogether satisfying answers. Many scientists and philosophers lump together mind, intellect, consciousness, soul—are they the same? According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the soul includes besides intellect, the so-called vegetative capacities (the unconscious). Catholic teaching is consistent with some scientific propositions, but not all. Since there is not yet a consensus explanation in science and philosophy about consciousness / mind, we cannot conclude that disagreement between Catholic teaching and some unvalidated scientific proposals means Catholic teaching conflicts with science.
See: Can a Computer Have a Soul?

 

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