In ESSAYS 1-7 I’ve shown that (or done my best to do so for open minds):
- the Catholic Church is not the enemy of science and, indeed, was the midwife of science for Western civilization;
- the Catholic dogma, Creatio ex Nihilo, God created the universe from nothing, is totally in accord with settled cosmological science;
- logic and rational inquiry have some limitations and exceptions; also, science, which employs several modes of rational inquiry, requires both theory and reproducible empirical validation; science can neither disprove nor prove the existence of a Trinitarian God;
- there is no conflict between Catholic Teaching and the science of common descent (evolution) provided we acknowledge that the human soul is uniquely bestowed by God at the moment of conception; moreover, there are several theories produced to explain how evolution occurs;
- cognitive science explains how the brain works but does not tell us what is consciousness or a soul; philosophers disagree generally about “the hard problem of consciousness;” what Catholic teaching says about the soul is not challenged by scientific findings or philosophical conjectures;
- miracles have occurred and will occur; although such events are outside the realm of scientific inquiry, they are validated empirically and by faith.
In this Essay (No. 8), I put the question “Does science tell us how to live, how to be good Catholics?” I answer “No!” Science answers questions about “how” the world works (or does so to an extent). It does NOT give answers to “why” or “should” questions.